Everyplace on our planet is vulnerable to natural and manmade disasters and all disasters are spatial in nature. All phases of the emergency responses to the event depend upon the management of data from a variety of sources. The appropriate data has to be gathered, analyzed, organized and displayed visually and coherently to determine the size, nature and scope of emergency response programs. During an actual emergency, it is critical to have the right usable data and at the right time to respond properly and efficiently to take appropriate action.
GIS technique enabled disaster management solution acts as a decision support tool for all the parties involved with search and rescue. Decision making is made possible by analysis of different GIS layers. The socio, economic, geographical geospatial data is used for the management and a planning for tackling of disastrous events. Various departments and agencies who are stakeholders in the response, relief & rehabilitation process in disaster management can use GIS in the disaster management process. By utilizing a GIS, all involved departments and agencies can share information through map databases in one convenient location. Without this option, individual departments and agencies must gain access to a number of department heads, their individual maps, and their unique data sets. Most emergency situations do not allow time to departments to gather these data and analysis reports. This results in emergency responders not having to estimate, or make decisions without adequate information. This costs time, money and lives given the grave situation. A GIS-enabled disaster management solution provides a structure to centralize all the critical information during an emergency.
An effective plan for public health services and other rescue personnel during a disaster would outline activities to specific departments and agencies to minimize the effects of the catastrophe. All these tasks can be effectively accomplished by a GIS-enabled disaster management solution.
On field data is very important in GIS applications and Mobile GIS provides crucial information on a real-time basis. Field teams can capture information and sent back to update the database on a real time. The information from the ground can be useful for recognizing actual event situation. Then new data can be sent to different operation teams on the field, so they have the latest updated information so as to make the work of protecting lives and providing safety to people much more efficient. Whether its response, relief or the rehabilitation phase, Mobile GIS can provide the right information in real time.
GIS is a complete information system for modelling, analyzing spatial data and displaying vulnerabilities of a geographical area. Identify non-hazardous locations with critical and important infrastructure for the rehabilitation process. Preparedness is important when a disastrous event occurs, this also eases the rehabilitation process too.
About 76 Degrees East
76 Degrees East Technologies is your software services and development company based in India catering high-quality business solutions. Major services we offer include MEAN Stack Development, GIS application development, technology migration, Bitrix24 Customisation, mobile application development and more. Learn how to develop the best open source GIS software with 76DE.